Robert Gagné outlines 9 events of instruction which can be used to design learning materials and activities or as a checklist. According to Gagné, when these steps are present and completed, learning is more likely to occur.
- Gaining Attention
- Informing Learners of the Objective
- Stimulating Recall of Prior Learning
- Presenting the Stimulus (Selective Perception)
- Providing Learning Guidance (Semantic Encoding)
- Eliciting Performance (Responding)